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Law No.805 on the Compulsory Use of Turkish in Economic Enterprises of 1926, still in force in Turkey, has become an outdated law because of the changes in trade and economy over the world and Turkey and of the preferences of the Turkish legislative …

Acquisition of property by aliens on real estate located in Turkey through right of succession is an important issue both in theory and practice, which stands on the intersection point of Private International Law, Inheritance Law, Aliens Law and Human Rights Law. Basic legislation of Aliens Law about  …

Arbitration agreements referring to non-existing arbitral institutions or including undefined references to arbitral institutions are significantly observed in international arbitration practice. Validity of such arbitration agreements becomes debatable due to the pathological intent thereof. If the pathology may be resolved by way of interpretation in …

Article 17 of The Hague Convention of 1 March 1954 on Civil Procedure provides that no security, bond or deposit of any kind may be imposed by reason of their foreign nationality, or of lack of domicile or residence in the country, upon nationals of one of the Contracting States, having their domicile in one of these States, who are plaintiffs or parties intervening before …

According to Turkish Code on Private International Law (PIL) Nr.5718 article 48: “(1)Foreign natural or legal persons filing or intervening in suits before Turkish courts or pursuing enforcement proceedings shall be required to provide the security determined by the court in order to cover litigation and proceeding costs and the loss and damages of the opposing …